Benefits of Silver
The silver ion (Ag+) is bioactive and in sufficient concentration readily kills bacteria in vitro. Silver and silver nanoparticles are used as an antimicrobial in a variety of industrial, healthcare and domestic applications.(1)
EPA micro-photo of silver ions
Pure silver has the ability to absorb oxygen and act as a catalyst for oxidation. "Oxidation," generally speaking, is when a chemical loses electrons. When silver atoms come near harmful bacteria, the oxygen in the silver reacts with sulfhydryl groups that surround a bacterium's surface. In viruses, the oxygen may react with the hydrogen atoms, removing them to create water. Both of these reactions may render the harmful pathogens unable to "breathe," thus killing them quickly. (2) In other words, Colloidal Silver disables the particular enzyme that one-celled bacteria, viruses, parasites, yeast, and fungi need for their oxygen metabolism. The process used to manufacture colloidal silver creates very small silver ions with very high surface area, enabling your body to transport the colloidal through your bloodstream. For a given silver concentration (ppm), as the particle size decreases, particle surface area increases thus increasing the value of the efficiency index. Essentially, an increased particle surface area allows more silver to interact with and neutralize the disease-causing organism.
Artistic interpretation of a Silver Ion
Unlike pharmaceutical antibiotics which destroy beneficial enzymes, colloidal silver leaves these tissue-cell enzymes intact as they are radically different from the enzymes of primitive single-celled life. Since silver only kills anaerobic (non-oxygen breathing) bacteria, the friendly bacteria in the digestive tract are immune to it because they are aerobic (oxygen breathing). Colloidal silver is safe for humans, plants, animals, and all multi-celled living matter.
• Open cuts, sores, wounds, abrasions, razor nicks, scrapes, scratches, skin rashes, warts, poison oak & ivy.
• Apply directly to acne, pimples, moles, insect bites and stings, toothaches, itchy or irritated skin.
• Spray in shoes and between the toes in order to prevent athletes foot.
• Apply as an underarm deodorant, as most underarm odor is caused by bacteria being released by the sweat glands.
• Spray any surfaces that may harbor Salmonella, E. coli, etc.
• Swab air ducts, heating vents or air conditioner filters in order to prevent breeding sites for germs.
• Spray in garbage cans, on kitchen sponges, inside refrigerators in order to prevent noxious odors.
• Apply to toilet, shower stall, hot tub, or bath & shower mats.
• Add to final laundry rinse in order to prevent damp towels/diapers from mildew odor.
• Add to dishwater, cleaning and mopping solutions.
• Sterilize water sources while traveling or camping.
• Add to flower vases, potted plants, pet water or birdbaths.
Richard Davies and Samuel Etris of The Silver Institute, in a 1996 monograph entitled The Development and Functions of Silver in Water Purification and Disease Control, discuss three mechanisms of deactivation that silver utilizes to incapacitate disease causing organisms. They are Catalytic Oxidation, Reaction with Cell Membranes, and Binding with the DNA of disease organisms to prevent unwinding.
Catalytic Oxidation: Silver, in its atomic state, has the capacity to absorb oxygen and act as a catalyst to bring about oxidation. Atomic (nascent) oxygen absorbed onto the surface of silver ions in solution will readily react with the sulfhydryl (-S-H) groups surrounding the surface of bacteria or viruses to remove the hydrogen atoms (as water), causing the sulfur atoms to form an R-S-S-R bond; blocking respiration and causing the bacteria to expire. Employing a simple catalytic reduction/oxidation reaction, colloidal silver will react with any negative charge presented by the organism’s transport or membrane proteins and deactivate them.
Reaction with Bacterial Cell Membranes: There is evidence that silver ions attach to membrane surface radicals of bacteria, impairing cell respiration and blocking its energy transfer system. One explanation is based on the nature of enzyme construction: Specific enzymes are required for a given biochemical activity to take place. Enzyme molecules usually require a specific metallic atom as part of the molecular matrix in order to function. A metal of higher valance can replace a metal of lower valance in the enzyme complex, preventing the enzyme from functioning normally. Silver, with a valance of plus 2, can replace many metals with a lower, or equal valance that exhibit weaker atomic bonding properties.
Binding with DNA: Studies by C.L. Fox and S.M. Modak with Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a tenacious bacteria that is difficult to treat, demonstrated that as much as 12% of silver is taken up by the organism’s DNA. While it remains unclear exactly how the silver binds to the DNA without destroying the hydrogen bonds holding the lattice together, it nevertheless prevents the DNA from unwinding, an essential step for cellular replication to occur.(3)
Dr. Harry Margraf, a biochemist and pioneering silver researcher who worked with the late Carl Moyer, M.D., chairman of Washington University’s Department of Surgery in the 1970s: “Silver is the best all-around germ fighter we have.”
Science Digest cites colloidal silver as “…a wonder of modern medicine,” and further states “Antibiotics kill perhaps a half dozen different disease organisms, but silver kills some 650. Resistant strains fail to develop. Moreover, silver is non-toxic. Colloidal silver, used as an anti-microbial agent, will not create super bugs as antibiotics do.”
Alfred Searle, founder of the giant Searle Pharmaceuticals (now Monsanto) stated, “Applying colloidal silver to human subjects has been done in a large number of cases with astonishingly successful results. For internal administration … it has the advantage being rapidly fatal to pathogens without toxic action on its host. It is quite stable.” Further information indicates that Colloidal Silver does not cause harmful interactions with other medications or topical treatments.
In laboratory tests with colloidal silver, bacteria, viruses, and fungal organisms are killed within minutes of contact. Larry C. Ford, M.D. of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, UCLA School of Medicine, Centre For The Health Sciences reported in November 1, 1988, ”I tested them (the silver solutions) using standard anti-microbial tests for disinfectants. The silver solutions were anti-bacterial for concentrations of 105 organisms per ml of Streptococcus Pyogenes, Staphylococcus Aureus, Neisseria Gonorrhea, Gardnerella Vaginalis, Salmonella Typhi and other enteric pathogens, and fungicidal for Candida Albicans, Candida Globata and M. Furfur.”
Dr. Robert O. Becker, MD, noted biomedical researcher from Syracuse University, and author of The Body Electric and Cross Currents, recognized a correlation between low silver levels and sickness. He said silver deficiency is responsible for the improper functioning of the immune system. “What we have done is rediscover the fact that silver killed bacteria, which had been known for centuries.” In the process of his work, Dr. Becker discovered that he had wiped out types of bacteria across the board, even those that were resistant to antibiotics.” Regarding the innate ability of metallic silver to control infection, Dr. Becker said: “all of the organisms that we tested were sensitive to the electrically generated silver ion, including some that were resistant to all known antibiotics.” On the safety of silver, he said, “in no case were any undesirable side effects of the silver treatment apparent.”
Dr. Bart Flick of Argentum Medical LLC, another early pioneer in silver medical research, invented FDA approved Silverlon wound contact dressing. “The antimicrobial activity of silver rests upon the interaction of silver with the bacteria’s cellular membrane. This interaction can occur through the presence of a silver ion in solution or the release of silver in an ionic moiety directly from the surface of metallic silver when a bacterial cell membrane comes in direct contact with the metallic surface.”
Dr. Henry Crooks, author of Use of Colloids in Health Disease, found that silver in the colloidal state is highly germicidal, quite harmless to humans and absolutely non-toxic. From his bacteriological experiments with silver he concluded, “I know of no microbe that is not killed in laboratory experiments in six minutes.”
Dr. Bjorn Nordenstrom, of the Larolinska Institute, Sweden, has successfully used silver as a component in his cancer treatments for many years.
Dr. Leonard Keene Hirschberg, A. M., M. D. (John Hopkins) states, “Speaking generally, the colloidal metals are especially remarkable for their beneficial action in infective states.”
Dr. Richard L. Davies, executive director of the Silver Institute, which monitors silver technology in 37 countries, reports: “In four years we’ve described 87 important new medical uses for silver. We’re just beginning to see to what extent silver can relieve suffering.”
Peter Lindemann reports in his 1997 article, Colloidal Silver, A Closer Look, that a study conducted in part by the Institute of Microbiology in Rome, Italy and published in Applied and Environmental Microbiology (Dec. 1992), stated that “Pure electro-colloidal silver out- performed silver nitrate, silver chloride, and silver sulfadiazine as a broad spectrum germicide. For all classes of bacteria, fungus, and mold samples tested, pure electro-colloidal silver worked better, and at much lower concentrations. They concluded that any additives reduced the effectiveness of the pure silver ion.”
According to Dr. Evan of Illinois, Kansas “We have had instant success with Colloidal Silver and immune compromised patients. A few examples are: Pink eye (topical) totally resolved in less than six hours; recurrent sinus infections (oral ingestion) resolved in eight days; acute cuticle infections resolved twenty four hours. Another major area in which we have improved our clinical results is in the area of bowel detoxification and dysbiosis. The colloidal silver has provided excellent removal of abnormal intestinal bacteria also it has proved to be a great adjunct to our Candida albicans, Epstein Barr Virus and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome protocols."
(The statements on this website have not been evaluated by the FDA. Products displayed are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent disease.)
(1)Maillard, Jean-Yves; Hartemann, Philippe (2012). "Silver as an antimicrobial: Facts and gaps in knowledge". Critical Reviews in Microbiology
(2)Research and citation credit to Richard Davies and Samuel Etris of the Silver Institute.
(3)Davies, Richard L.; Etris, Samuel F. "The Development and Functions of Silver in Water Purification and Disease Control,"